Common Terms

Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents usually notice signs during the first three years of their child’s life. These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace before worsening. Autism is associated with a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

ADD/ADHD

A condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders ADHD, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, hyperkinetic syndrome, MBD, minimal brain damage, minimal brain dysfunction hyperactivity – a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement

Auditory Processing Disorders

Occurs when the brain has difficulty interpreting auditory information. The individual may have normal hearing, however, the brain has difficulty recognizing and interpreting sounds.

Articulation Disorders

Involves difficultly producing sounds. Various speech sounds may be substituted, omitted, added or changed. For instance, a child may have difficulty producing the “s” sound.